#2 - What are the Federal and California Voting Rights Acts?

The Federal Voting Rights Act (FVRA) of 1965 was implemented to overcome legal barriers at the state and local levels that prevented minority groups from exercising their right to vote as promised under the 15th Amendment of the U.S. Constitution. It protects the rights of all citizens to participate in the voting process. The California Voting Rights Act (CVRA) was passed in 2001 based on the legislature’s finding that minorities and other members of protected classes were being denied the opportunity to have representation of their choosing at the local level. The system of at-large elections caused a number of issues that are associated with denial of representation. If a violation of the CVRA is found, the act stipulates that, “the court shall implement appropriate remedies, including the imposition of district-based elections that are tailored to remedy the violation.”

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1. #1 - What is the difference between "at-large" and "by-district" elections?
2. #1 - ¿Cuál es la diferencia entre las elecciones "en general" y "por distrito"?
3. #2 - What are the Federal and California Voting Rights Acts?
4. #2 - ¿Cuáles son las leyes federales y de California de derecho de voto?
5. #3 - What has happened to other cities facing a CVRA allegation?
6. #3 - ¿Qué ha pasado con otras ciudades que enfrentan una acusación de CVRA?
7. #4 - What are the criteria for establishing the boundaries of the four Council districts?
8. #4 - ¿Cuáles son los criterios para establecer los límites de los cuatro distritos del Consejo?
9. #5 - How will the election district boundaries be decided?
10. #5 - ¿Cómo se decidirán los límites del distrito electoral?
11. #6- How can I participate in the decision-making process?
12. #6- ¿Cómo puedo participar en el proceso de toma de decisiones?